domingo, 26 de maio de 2019

Royal, Semi Royal our simplesmente vermelho ... a difícil seleção !

Ao contrario que muitos pensam a seleção de Wild Discus , não é uma fácil tarefa . 


Poucos no Mundo podem entender as minhas palavras pois poucos no Mundo fazem este trabalho de seleção de Wild Discus na Amazonia . 
A grande maioria dos exportadores , ficam á espera que os Wild Discus cheguem ás suas instalações , ás suas empresa , outros não sabem diferenciar um bom ou mau , pois não tem conhecimento para o fazer . 
Mais do que isso a vida no meio da selva Amazónica tem de tudo menos de fácil. As condições da selva são tudo menos cômodas . 



Geralmente os Wild Discus quando são colectados ficam pretos . Não se consegue identificar a sua cor . Apenas com a experiência de ver os wild discus no momento em que são colectados e selecionados e semanas depois na empresa se consegue entender quais as suas cores. No inicio cometi erros ao pensar que o Discus seria vermelho , castanho , azul , etc e depois veio a revelar-se exactamente o contrario . 


O seu estado de stress é grande e por isso a sua cor preta . Com o passar dos anos consegui entender quais as suas cores pálidas iniciais para entender o potencial do Wild Discu meses depois . Geralmente as cores como o vermelho percebem-se no inicio com um tom "bordeaux" .As barras de stress são outro dos problemas reconhece-las no inicio . Muitas vezes pequenas imperfeições nas barras passam despercebidas . Barras tortas ou pequenas barras que nascem não são visíveis quando o Wild Discu é selecionado na origem .


Tal como os olhos e a sua cor . Enquanto a dimensão dos olhos é fácil de observar já a cor quase sempre é impossível . 


As linhas horizontais do seu padrão é outra situação totalmente impossível de se observar . Aliás muitas vezes os Wild Discus ao longo dos meses apresentam marcas impossíveis no inicio de detectar . Quando Semi Royais ja exportamos que depois em casa dos clientes mostram a sua continuidade dando origem a Royais . 
Na selva é praticamente impossível salvo raras excessões em que encontramos os Wild Discus menos stressados aonde se percebe já o padrão e o potencial do Discu. 


Muitas vezes quando saem do seu meio ambiente os Discus parecem ter formas duvidosas ou seja menos redondas . Por incrível que pareça á medida que vão estando na empresa em quarentena e a engordar os Discus ficam ligeiramente mais redondos . Ou seja quando saem do seu habitat ainda magros as suas forma parecem menos redondas do que de facto vão ficar depois do processo de desparasitação e engorda .



                                



Vitor Hugo Quaresma 


domingo, 12 de maio de 2019

Beside us in the Amazon without secrets !

Since 2009 we started to organize small expeditions to the Amazon 

This year of 2019 that we make 10 years we decide to make the last 2 expeditions 22 to 30 October and 13 to 21 November 2019 . Due to the high costs of the Santarem Discus Boat, we decided to sell it in 2020. So this will be the last season that we will organize something that no one so far does with this comfort and quality in the collection of Wild Discus in Amazonia



The dates of the trips are always dependent on the descent of the Rivers, but for now are the dates that we guarantee to see the collection of the Wild Discus.

This boat will miss all those who have traveled in it. Safety , attractive, spacious and with beds on board unlike the Amazonian boats where one has to sleep in a hammock. We obviously have nets on board to feel pleasure during the trip and the experience of lying in a hammock.



Neither Manaus nor Santarem "the land of the Wild Discus" there is such a boat and expeditions directed to see the Discus selection next to the most prized Export company, Santarem Discus

Sharing with those who come to visit the charms of this place is for us an immense pleasure. Anyone who has participated will always repeat this fantastic experience. We know more and more places and we like to share them. 



Not only for the peace that transmits the Amazonian landscapes, entering a Zen state, visiting isolated communities of the World and living with the humble people who work for our company Santarem Discus, to their stories. 



There are 8 days in the "Lung of the World" aboard our comfortable #BarcoSantaremDiscus that we built for those who visit us to have the possible and maximum comfort in the middle of the Amazon



Over the course of 12 years we have counted more than 500 expeditions and for this reason we know all the care we take with those who visit us.




Security is a factor whenever we take into account and the responsibility of traveling for 8 days with people who do not know the Amazon is always of the greatest importance for us. 



The program includes 

Dives next to our fishermen. Only they can collect Wild Discus.
Boat Rooms with two beds. Food and non-alcoholic drinks 24 hours a day. Total security and travel insurance payment if they so decide.




1 day - Arrival at Santarem Airport (important to the plane arrival time. Usually arrive at night)
Transfer "Airport - Alter do Chão" (35 Km / 45 m) This year we start in Alter do piso the expedition
Briefing Expedition - Santarem Expedition


2 day - Breakfast in Boat
Start Trip up to Trombetas River between 16 to 18 h We will be going through the cities of "Obidos", "Oriximina" 
Lunch in the boat
Arrive Trombetas River at night Dinner



3 day - Breakfast
Meeting with Fishermans in Iripixi Community (Saloman lake)
Travel all day, passing through various places in Iripixi Lake in the Small Boat
Lunch
Diving in Saloman Lake with our staff
Select Wild Discus
Dinner  


4 day - Breakfast
Diving In Saloman Lake and Select Wild Discus
Lunch
Select Wild Discus
Dinner


5 day - Breakfast
Start Trip to Nhamunda between 14 to 16 h
Lunch
Meeting with Nhamunda fishermans
Diving at night in Nhamunda - Dive with our Fishermen of Nhamunda 


6 day - Breakfast
Start Trip To Guariba and High Nhamunda
Diving in Guariba
Lunch in Guariba beach
Low Nhamunda select and diving at nigh in Low Nhamunda
Dinner


7 day - Breakfast
Start Trip to Santarem with a stop Batata next community in Trombetas River
Diving and Selection of fish in Batata 
Lunch
Start Trip Batata to Iripixi 2 h
Dinner


8 day - Breakfast
Last diving and selection in Lake Iripixi
Lunch
Start trip to Santarem direct to Alter from the ground
Stop in Santarem just to put all fish we have select
Dinner


9 day -Visit the Farm for afternoon           
Dinner in a restaurant


For 9 days those who visit us will probably see what no one has ever seen. The selection of Wild Discus in different communities. They will accompany the daily life of those who work in the Amazon, who works with Wild Discus.



Our experience and knowledge will provide unique moments in places that few have access and that few in the world have passed. Places of a rare beauty

         More information 

https://www.youtube.com/user/vitorhugoquaresma

https://www.facebook.com/santaremdiscusexpeditions

https://santaremexpeditions.com

Reserves 

vitorhugo@santaremdiscus.net 

Bookings until May 30, 2019 payment of half the value


                                    


                                   

quinta-feira, 9 de maio de 2019

Amazon Biotope

Throughout these years in Amazonia I have observed the attempt to recreate Amazonian Biotopos in aquariums. In fact, it is not such a complicated task. Those who have come to the Amazon with us have managed to recreate them. 


They succeeded because they also plunged into different communities and were able to observe the reality of the places where the Wild Discus remain. I am often asked what plants exist. In fact, there are almost no plants in the environments where the Wild Discus live and hide from predators. More trunks, twigs, sticks, dry leaves superimposed on a light brownish fine sand the environment in which the wild discus remain and live.


 The images I put give to understand how the bottom of the Rivers. Trunks and bad fallen on sand. Sometimes and against what many "experts" say there are places with rocks where the Wild Discus hide and live to reproduce. There are many areas of volcanic rocks along the Amazon, a fact that has little knowledge 



The Wild Discus live on the banks of the Rivers! Usually they hide in trunks or rocks if it is the case that they will find. So a biotope must always have trunks and hiding places. From the way the river rises or descends they move in shoals to others. When the leader of the shoal leaves all the others follow him. We do not advise pointed rocks in an aquarium because they can be dangerous to Wild Discus in a small space of an aquarium



Sand 

The sand should be fine and for several reasons. First because they like to eat the food from the sand floor as they do in their environment. Secondly because the fine sand is almost impossible to accumulate underneath some food that is deposited in the bottom. This is contrary to the gravel as we often see. In their environment they raise the sand and in the middle always leaves something they eat. Often the same happens in the aquarium and anyone using fine sand can see it.



Plants 

The little green we observe in the background of natural environments with wild Discus arise from leafy branches. Not as many plants as you can imagine. Can you put plants in an aquarium with Wild Discus? Of course, plants that live in low light. That the need for light is not important, because as in other articles that I've written the Wild Discus do not like strong light, not many hours a day. They live in the shadows of trees, on trunks of holes




There is a lot to say about Amazonian biotopes but I leave a video of someone who was already by my side in the Amazon and managed to recreate a true Amazonian biotope. It's easy, cheap and the Wild Discus thanks ...




Those who want to observe nature, life under water in the Amazon, this year we will organize the last expeditions between October and November, contact us.

Vitor Hugo Quaresma 




terça-feira, 7 de maio de 2019

Jack Wattley

Today I dedicate this article to what I consider one of the greatest examples in the Discus World, Jack Wattley ! 
A man who dedicated much of his life to the Discus. I had the pleasure of meeting him again on my trip to Miami in 2015, where I deprived him for a few hours at his house.




He had met Jack Wattley in 2000 at the Discus Championship in Duisburg. By the way the story is told in this way. Jack Wattley was introduced to me and when I learned that it was Portugues he told me, let's see the Discus  in competition. 




He took a piece of paper out of his pocket, and incredibly it was my Discus who was in the Brown class and ranked 5th. Jack smiled, showed the paper with the aquarium number and told me, you have the best Brown of this championship. The story was recorded until today, as well as the honor of meeting him personally, in his eyes my Brown Discus was for him the best. 




15 years later he still remembered this episode. Incidentally, during his visit to his home in Fort Lauderdale, where I was warmly welcomed by his daughter, Jack Wattley knew everything about my life in the Amazon. Jack kept an eye on social networks and followed our work over the years. There were many questions that put even with a huge curiosity about our work with Wild Discus.



During the time we had together at his house, Jack told a funny episode. He kept Heckel Blue for over 4 years and never managed to reproduce them. One day a customer of yours showed interest in buying them. A little disappointed that he could not reproduce them, Jack decided to sell them. What is not his astonishment last a month, he at his client's house unveiled and began to reproduce. So was this man that I consider the father of the Discus Hobby. Of enormous humility, enormous generosity and enormous knowledge about Discus.



Jack Wattley will always be a reference for me in this Discus World to which I have also dedicated my life. Jack at one point in his life decided to bet on one of the creators who had more success with his Discus. Gabriel Posada who met very young and who sold him some Discus. Gabe's Passion was huge and soon began to play the Discus bought from Jack. One day Gabriel received a phone call from Jack about a Discus that he had sold him. What was not the surprise  to know that Gabriel Posada had reproduced them with great success. Since then a great friendship was born by the two in such a way that his Farm ended up staying for Gabriel Posada, until today.




Gabriel Posada is nowadays one of the partners of Santarem Discus since 2014. For over 5 years we have been our agent in the United States . 

The American market unfortunately does not look for the high quality of expensive Wild Discus as it does in Asian and European countries. Americans like Wild Discus but price is the most important. During the Discus Competition in the United States, NADA 2018 can record this. 


Regardless of the Americans in love with Wild Discus do not want to pay for high quality fish, we have shipped good Wild Discus as usual from the Santarem Discus company to Jack Wattley Farm. This year of 2019 for the memory of Jack Wattley we decided to choose some magnificent copies that arrived in Miami very soon. I think it's the way to honor the name of this great lover of Discus, Jack Wattley that Gabriel Posada continued his work after all these years with great success.



Gabriel just as I am in love with Discus and made his passion a business. He knows how to keep the Wild Discus in good condition and manages to have customers from all over the World searching for his fish. It is undoubtedly a World reference !!!




Your Farm had a significant reform in recent years, now no longer seems the old farm where Jack Watlley began. More aquariums, more Discus,  good filtration , etc , etc. The Wild Discus that will be available exported by Santarem Discus, from Cuipeua to Heckel Blue passed by the wonderful Jacarecappa to the Batata (extremely round fish considered the best DNA to mix with hybrids) we consider to be the best stock that the Farm Jack Wattley had in these last ones years .



Undoubtedly the bet made on one of the most accredited importers / exporters of Discus in the United States was perfect. A relationship of several years, a perfect partnership of someone who introduced in a professional way the Wild Santarem Discus in the American market. Today there are several people who are breeding them in the United States like Al Castro for example. Others followed in the footsteps of Wild discus. Gabriel Posada even formed some couples in the last year and reproduced. A huge success and a challenge only within reach of the few in the World. This demonstrates the quality and work done with Wild Discus in the United States by Gabriel Posada !! 






   

Vitor Hugo Quaresma 

Usual mistakes !

Today I will talk about the usual mistakes for those who start having Wild Discus in their homes.

We must understand that Wild Discus are slightly different behavioral fish compared to Donesticos (Hybrids). I often say that Wild Discus is the last step of who has kept Discus Hybridos so if you are more of a fan of Wild Discus read this short article.

Stress is probably one of the biggest enemies of the Wild Discus. If the Discus in general suffer from so-called stress it can be avoided.





Water

The Wild Discus essentially like "old waters" !!!! 
What, after all, are "old waters". Water well cycled, water that is already in the aquarium for at least 3 to 4 months. Water with a large colony of nitrifying Bacteria !! The power of these bacteria is to transform ammonia into nitrites through nitrosomones and nitrite into nitrate through nitrobacteria. Known as the nitrogen cliclo. Why are they called nitrifiers? The nitrification happens with the oxidation of the ammonia transforming it into nitrite and consequently in the nitrite in nitrate. Having nitrate in your aquarium is often normal, since in many places Tap water has nitrate of origin. Many are apologists for constant water changes in aquariums with Wild Discus. I personally consider that this change should be made when the nitrate concentration exceeds 40 mg / l. These concentrations are due to several factors. Lots of food or dirt trapped in the aquarium filter, Wild Discus population excess per liter of water in the aquarium, etc. When we test these values ​​of ammonia, nitrite and nitrate in the Amazonian waters it is zero !! So we have to take into account that the ideal is to have a chemically similar water in our aquariums. The question they often ask me is how this is possible.

First do not overfeed the Wild Discus inside the aquarium. Do not use beef heart food, remove any excessively frozen or dried food left in the bottom of the aquarium for more than an hour, some small fish that is dead inside the aquarium, water change made regularly when the nitrate are above 40 mg / l. The use of rezinas is negative for us and we do not advise, because we are apologists to do everything in a natural way. Conditioners, liquid peat, anything you can put inside water is most often bad for Wild Discus. There is a huge industry behind aquarium.

I see many using conditioners, resins, osmosis, etc. causing a huge destabilization in the water of the Wild discus. The total control of this water chemistry is lost and a sometimes fatal imbalance. Then we find the Wild Discus full of stress. Dark, closed, hidden, sometimes without eating. Sometimes we have a Ph of 7.5 and in a few hours a Ph of 6.6, very bad for the well being of the wild discus that likes balanced waters, nor rapid changes of Ph or hardness. So do everything in a natural way, no resins, conditioners to lower or raise the Ph and osmosse try to advise first before using. All these radical changes in water chemistry can cause stress and eventually kill their long term fish.

We know you want the best for your Wild Discus to keep them alive and healthy but that's not the best way. Do it in a simple and natural way as Mother Nature




Light

We have already addressed this issue, but we have done so again. The wild discus do not like it and light. Try to use light when you want to give them food or simply enjoy their color beauty. Do not let the light on for more than 5 hours without hiding places, you can have Wild Discus with panic attacks and immense stress that can lead to death. Remember that they live hidden under branches and trunks in the Amazon




Water changes



The water changes must be done regularly but as I said here when they are really necessary. Do not change because you think you should change. Wild discus are extremely sensitive to water changes. It must have stood still for at least 24 hours to release some chlorine or chloramine. Avoid using conditioners and you should have a container where the water should rest for 24 to 48 hours. See if the parameters of the water you are going to put and change are identical to the water where your Wild Discus remains in the aquarium. They are sensitive to these changes.
If you have a high Ph, use granulated peat both in your aquarium and in the container where you prepare the water. Remember this tip the granulated peat is magical, it's natural !!
The question I leave here is simple. For what changes of water when you have levels of No2, No3 and Amonia are practically inesistent? If the amount of minerals in the water was enough for fish to stay healthy


Keep the  Wild Discus Aquarium in peace !

In nature the Wild Discus constantly flee from predators. Its pale colors blend with the color of its environment, made of logs, branches, etc. where they take refuge. The wild discus like to live in peace and this is very visible with the time where they begin to gain fabulous colors inside our aquariums. One of the usual recommendations I make is ... leave the Wild Discus Aquarium  alone. It is not to be constantly changing the decoration, the sand of the bottom, the trunks, branches that can be placed as a prop are always to be changed . Each time you move inside the aquarium you are disturbing the peace of your Wild Discus. Leave them !!
Another recommendation is to never place an aquarium where on the wall behind the Wild Discus can make shadows. They often frighten themselves with their own shadow. Try to put something behind the aquarium so it does not happen.


Join other fish with Wild Discus


I do not see any problem joining other fish with Wild Discus but I will speak again and recommend something that I have already explained in another article. Never gather fish without quarantine. If you have your aquarium healthy, keep it !! Do not start putting new fish and joining them without going through a hospital tank for 4 weeks. Being Wild Discus or not. There will be mixture of bacteria, eventually some parasite, caution. Fish to coexist with Wild Discus are all those that are part of their natural habitat, geophagus, tetras, etc. and that do not attack the Wild Discus or disturb them by creating stress. It is important to say that often small tetras are eaten by the wild discus just fit in their mouths . But careful attention when introducing them and the diseases that can generate, ending with your aquarium.







Amount of Wild Discus by Aquarium 

It is always a pertinent question. For us an aquarium of 500 liters must have 10 Wild Discus adults. This is to maintain a balanced water and does not have excessive pollution caused by feces or urine from the Wild Discus. This is not to say that you can not have more Wild Discus adults in an aquarium of this size. Obviously if you have a population surplus, if you offer frozen food with Beef Heart, if you have leftover food, you will have to make a lot of water changes. If you can maintain the balance of the water without any of this it will be perfect and then you will not have to change it constantly as many do. For smaller fish with 12 cm we advise 20 to 25 liters of water by Wild Discu to grow them quickly.


Oxygenation


I often see Discus aquariums with scared and stressed fish just because the stream of water coming out of the filter is too strong. If so, try to turn against one of the walls of the Aquarium in order for the flow to be less strong. Wild Discus habitually live in still waters with the exception of a few cases. There are few communities that find strong currents of water. That's why we do not advise you in any way. Watch the current and do not let the Wild Discus live bothered by it.





Vitor Hugo Quaresma 

quarta-feira, 1 de maio de 2019

Feed Wild Discus The best way !

What is the best food for the Wild Discus ? 


It is always a complex and pertinent topic to talk about the best food for the Wild Discus. We are going to talk about the 8 year experience of feeding Wild Discus in our company.

    
Since 1987 I have had several experiences with food for Discus. Of the " mixed food with beef heart, etc." I have done for over 25 years mixing foods, fruits, vitamins to have a balanced diet. It was wrong, it was not the best food I could give the Discus . But that will speak later on the mixtures with beef heart.



Artificial but balanced food

As I said before in your environment the Wild Discus feed mainly on algae, fruits, seeds etc, ie a high content of plant components. In our aquariums If we can offer algae like spirulina, chlorella containing unsaturated fatty acids, ascophyllum nodosum and laminaria digitata will be ideal. Remembering that achlorella is rich in essential amino acids, such as vitamins and micro and macronutrients of seaweed, including iodine, chromium, selenium and iron, they guarantee the fish an excellent state of growth and health. But there is a green pigment whose concentrated source is spirulina and chlorella. It is called chlorophyll by limiting the development of undesirable bacteria in the alimentary tract, preventing the inflammation from promoting the elimination of toxins from fish organisms. High extremely important. The immune system of the fish is aided in the fight against the pathogens by the active substances of garlic and spirulina once again. If the color in the Discus is important to realize your health, also the carotenoids are important in your diet. Krill is usually part of the components of some flakes and granules and enhances the Discus' natural colors. All these elements we find in Tropical food. We tried them all and ended up using all the foods available through the Tropical brand. From Spirulina to 3 Algae, through D-Allio Plus, D-50, Krill and the more elaborate and richer composition like the Wild Gran Discus. As for us Wild Discus are made of habits. If we give only granulates they get used to eating them and refuse the flakes and so on. Ideally, you should use both the granules and the flakes alternately.


Why Tropical and not frozen food or other brand ?

Last 8 years to give only Tropical flakes and Tropical granules. We went through several brands that exist in the market, but not all we got good results. In some brands, the digestion of fish was complicated to do . We often observe fish with obstruction, eventually dying. Other nutrient balances were minimal and we do not give our Wild Discus all they need, other excessively dirty water. 
If dogs and cats there is a balanced diet in flakes and gran, with all the necessary elements for vitality and growth because using meat heart mixed with something frozen !!


What experience do I have with the beed heart? If I made different mixtures for many years, I always had two problems. Bacteria that lodge in the food and that sometimes caused problems in Aquarium and the dirt that the same food causes in contact with the water. Unlike the Domestics Discus ( Hybrid ) , the Wild Discus likes "old water", that is, water changes must obviously be made, but not as many  , as those born in captivity the Domestic Discus .


Beef heart is pure protein. If they grow up? Without any doubt but I can not consider a balanced diet.  Sometimes we see Discus obese, that even lose their beauty of being deformed, very fat where the food is made based on Beef Heart. We do not think we are the ideal . 
Not to mention the problem of polluted water as you can see when the Beef heart mix comes into contact with hot water. More than that the Wild Discus in their environment do not eat Beef Heart, right ? The rations are studied to have a balance fundamentally in the growth and vitality of ornamental fish. Dried flakes and granules are scientifically studied, packaged to provide everything the Discus eats in nature!! 

After visiting the Tropical factory, the facilities and the natural components with which Tropical makes its food in flakes and granules, we decided to accept the challenge and start feeding our Wild Discus. Nowadays, food starts in the jungle with these foods. One fact that few know is to start administering Tropical grains like the D-50 Plus, still inside the wooden boxes where we joined the Wild Discus before being taken to the company Santarem Discus.






Other food for Wild Discus .

Natural  very small shrimp can be given directly to the Wild discus  as long as it does not stay in the bottom of the aquarium. Such as mosquito larvae. The darker small ones are great in terms of protein for the small Discus grow. The excellent red mosquito larvae to promote Discus reproduction. It usually gave mosquito larvae mixed with vitamin D-3 and with excellent results. Remember that vitamin D-3 will have to be well mixed in the larvae because it is soluble in water. Artemia being the usual food given to feed the fry when they begin to eat alone, is an optimal food. In fact we always advise to add a vitamin to the artemia. All live foods in general are important in feeding the Wild Discus







To conclude and we ask attention to this detail the best food we can give is dried through granules and flakes. Mosquito larva or other live food cultures are like a "little dessert". This is because if we get used to Wild Discus larvae, artemia, live cultures they hardly ever eat the most balanced food we can offer ... dry food in flakes and granules




New Food from Tropical  ... Pro Defense !

Over the last few months we have noticed that the two-month Manaus Aquarium medicaments quarantine, with Bilocil, Levamicil and Octocil associated with Tropical Pro Defense food has allowed for strong growth of our Wild Discus. A fact that we could not fail to share with all of you. We come to the conclusion that Wild Discus well dewormed, with a food rich in protein, provided once a day but in small quantities is fundamental for this success. Probiotic influences without doubt the growth. A unique food so far in the world market. We recommend Pro Defense hi-protein powder with probiotic for everyday feeding.
• probiotic added to the food contains viable Bacillus subtilis endospores, which stabilize gut microflora, boosting fish resistance to pathogens and facilitating utilization of nutrients, which in turn accelerates fish's growth and reduces contamination of water with fish's feces
• the synergic effect of probiotic, beta-glucan, vitamins and carotenoids significantly enhances the immune system of the fry, increasing its resistance to pathogens
• probiotic increases the survival rate of the fry and its resistance to stress
• high content of protein, including essential amino acids, ensuring healthy growth and development of fish
• properly selected vitamins, macronutrients and trace elements prevent avitaminosis, rickets and supports organ and bone development

We recommend Pro Defense from Tropical


Vitor Hugo Quaresma